At the Tokyo Motor Show, Nissan prepared a selection of concept studies for the autonomous automotive future, conveying the message that they've now begun practical testing of the autonomous drive systems on both highways as well as urban roads.
According to Nissan, they maintain two corporate visions of a sustainable mobile society, while developing future cars: Zero Emissions and Zero Fatality. Bringing these visions to life will be an advanced form of Vehicle Intelligence called Nissan Intelligent Driving that will be introduced in stages.
For stage one, Nissan plans to offer Piloted Drive 1.0 by the end of next year. The system will first be introduced in Japan and will allow for autonomous driving under heavy highway traffic conditions. By 2018 Piloted Drive 1.0 is said to be upgraded with a multiple lane piloted drive, enabling lane changes on highways and by 2020, vehicles will be introduced to a new technology, which will make sure the vehicles are able to autonomously drive through busy intersections as well.
Nissan will take the current prototype – based on electric Nissan Leaf – for a test ride on highways and urban roads in actual traffic conditions. The concept is equipped with a millimeter wave radar, laser scanners, cameras, high-speed computer chips, and a specialized HMI (Human Machine Interface), to name a few. They also developed a miniature, high-spec laser scanner that uses threedimensional measurement to determine the distance between the vehicle and its surroundings, and an 8-way, 360-degree view camera system that allows for accurate orientation when driving through intersections and curving roads.
Nissan also thought of the driver who is able to constantly monitor the surroundings and the vehicle's 'behaviour' via HMI (Human Machine Interface) and can, if the need occurs, interfere with autonomous driving to make the necessary adjustments.