In their last press statement, Tesla Motors explained that all upcoming Tesla vehicles from their factory will have the hardware needed for full self-driving capability. Tesla S and X are already being equipped with the new system, and once Model 3 hits the streets, it will be fully autonomous as well.
According to Tesla, fully autonomous vehicles will play a key role not only in securing traffic safety, but also in us humans transitioning into an eco-conscious, sustainable society. At Tesla they are certain that full autonomy will create full self-driving capability at a safety level substantially greater than that of a human driver.
Such a high level of safe autonomous driving will be provided by special hardware, integrated in future cars. Eight surround cameras will provide 360 degree visibility around the car at up to 250 meters of range, while twelve updated ultrasonic sensors will allow for detection of both hard and soft objects at nearly twice the distance of the prior system. A forward-facing radar with enhanced processing will provide additional data about the world on a redundant wavelength, capable of seeing through heavy rain, fog, dust and even the car ahead.
Gathered data will be processed by a new onboard computer with more than 40 times the computing power of the current Tesla generation. Helping it with calculations will be the new neural net for vision, sonar and radar processing software - also developed at Tesla. The system will provide a view of the world that a driver alone with his or her own senses isn't capable to access - the system will be able to see in every direction simultaneously! On top of that, it will 'sense' the surrounding world in wavelengths that go far beyond the human senses.