The world and Europe are facing major changes in the field of electro-mobility. But if we have been listening to ideas and promises for quite some time, now we are slowly moving to action.
This is, last but not least, demonstrated by the European Union, which will most likely soon adopt a law requiring member States to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. The fifth e-Mobility conference, which took place in cooperation with the Dutch Embassy, the Austrian energy company OMV and the ELES home electric distributor, is therefore perhaps the most up-to-date.
As already mentioned in the introduction one of the initiators of the conference, Mr. Primoz Lemež, today due to air pollution of the transport sector, the World faces more than a billion euros of damage every year. And Slovenia is by no means a model in this field, since after the promising start and installation of the first electric charging stations on the motorways in the world, there was not much investment in the development of electric mobility. This is also noted by one of the initiators of their installation, Minister of Infrastructure, mag. Alenka Bratušek, who adds that there is still a strategy for development in Slovenia. The Ministry plans to set up electric buses, among others, and encourage the sharing of electric vehicles.
Europe is slowly following China and the United States
A similar opinion shares also a member of the European green party, Igor Šoltes, who acknowledged that in Europe various long-term commitments were accepted in this area, but which we do not follow. Member States are therefore already losing their fight, for example, comparing to China, where electric mobility and, consequently, the production of electric cars and components are on the rise. Also, Europe is already preparing a tender for the development of electric batteries worth 114 billion euros. Accordingly, 260,000 jobs will be created.
The Dutch ambassador to Slovenia, Bart Twaalfhoven, also spoke about the new jobs that electro mobility is expected to create in the Netherlands, one of the most developed countries in this field. The Netherlands is planning a complete ban on the use of internal combustion engines by 2030. By the same year, the Netherlands is said to have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 49 percent, according to its colleague Evert Jan Schuurman. This should be done by encouraging local authorities, additional subsidies and public-private partnerships.
According to him, the Netherlands is the so-called "living laboratory", where new practices are tested in reality, including the V2G system, which provides that electric cars also return electricity to the grid. An example of good practice in the approach of a living laboratory was the Amsterdam airport with electric buses and taxis and electric vehicles for garbage collection.
Germany is lagging behind, but it has its own advantages
The German speaker Frank Müller, founder of the German Federal Agency for e-Mobility (BEM), presented a little less enthusiasm over the situation in his country, but things are still moving. The agency is working with more than 300 start-ups, and in the development of e-mobility, the traditional automotive industry is steadily under pressure from the success of brands like the American Tesla. A good example of this is Volkswagen, which, in addition to the production of electric cars, is already developing a service to rent electric batteries and their management. According to him, the future in electric bikes and in the sharing of electric vehicles. Young people use this more and more and many of them do not even own a car.
Mag. Uroš Salobir, director of the strategic innovation area at ELES, Slovenian electric power distributor, emphasized that electric cars could eventually overload the existing (and future) electricity grids. At the same time, it adds that with smart solutions, especially when it comes to the strategy of managing electric batteries, it can be avoided with planned charging, the use of smart filling stations and, most importantly, the use of electric cars not only as consumers of electricity, but rather by connecting vehicles to the grid every time we do not use them. In this way, owners could use their electric cars as power sources.
A somewhat different view of the future mobility of has the OMV energy company from Austria or its representative, Mag. Richard Bachinger. Bachinger is aware that diesel and gas are 'like sugar for the body'; it's unhealthy but convenient source of energy, but we have to get rid of them in everyday traffic. According to him, the introduction of alternative fuels is hampered by a number of factors, from limited capacity of batteries, to expensive electricity on the one hand, and cheap (yet environmentally harmful technologies) on the other. The solution, however, is not only in electricity, but in the combination of electricity and various types of gas.